verbs either the suffix -t or a change in the stem vowel. English is spoken widely in South Africa and is an official or co-official language in several countries. For example, the girl was stung by a bee (emphasising it was a bee and not, for example, a wasp that stung her or The girl was stung by a bee (contrasting with another possibility, for example that it was the boy). Possessive pronouns exist in dependent and independent forms; the dependent form functions as a determiner specifying a noun (as in my chair while the independent form can stand alone as if it were a noun (e.g. Locals are often fluent both in the local English variety and the local creole languages and code-switching between them is frequent, indeed another way to conceptualise the relationship between Creole and Standard varieties is to see a spectrum of social. Questions Both yesno questions and wh -questions in English are mostly formed using subjectauxiliary inversion ( Am I going tomorrow?, Where can we eat? Stress, rhythm and intonation See also: Stress and vowel reduction in English and Intonation in English Stress plays an important role in English. Formation of new words, called neologisms, based on Greek and/or Latin roots (for example television or optometry ) is a highly productive process in English and in most modern European languages, so much so that it is often difficult. Today this distinction is less clear, and many speakers use - s also with inanimates.
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Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency 2012, Table KS207NI: Main Language. In most sentences, English only marks grammatical relations through word order. Auxiliary verb constructions Main articles: Do-support and Subjectauxiliary inversion English syntax relies on auxiliary verbs for many functions including the expression of tense, aspect, and mood. English has undergone many historical sound changes, some of them affecting all varieties, and others affecting only a few. Discourse markers such as oh, so or well, also signal the progression of ideas between sentences and help to create cohesion. It is one of six official languages of the United Nations. Quantifiers, which include one, many, some and all, are used to specify the noun in terms of quantity or number. Aave's important commonalities with Southern accents suggests it developed into a highly coherent and homogeneous variety in the 19th or early 20th century.
What, who, where, when, why, how ) appear in a fronted position. The unvoiced velar fricative sound /x/ is found in Scottish English, which distinguishes loch /lx/ from lock /lk/. "Chapter 7: English in Australia". Regardless of length, an NP functions as a syntactic unit. US (64.3) UK (16.7) Canada (5.3) Australia (4.7) South Africa (1.3) Ireland (1.1) New Zealand (1) Other (5.6) Pluricentric English English is a pluricentric language, which means that no one national authority sets the standard for use of the language. The same applies in clauses requiring inversion, including most questionsinversion must involve the subject and an auxiliary verb, so it is not possible to say *Know you him? Contents Classification English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. We us our ours ourselves 2nd.